Sunday, May 5, 2013

Surgeonfish-Acanthuridae (Acanthurinae)

Surgeon fish


Surgeon fish merupakan ikan herbivora yang hidup di daerah terumbu karang, dimana memiliki ciri khas yaitu memiliki duri yang menyerupai mata pisau yang setajam pisau beda yang terletak pada pangkal ekor (penducle). Sehingga ikan jenis ini digologkan ikan yang berbahaya. Namun ikan ini dikonsumsi oleh masyarakat pesisir.
Jenis-jenis ikan Surgeon:
1. Blue Surgeon Fish Paracanthurus hepatus Linnaeus, 1766.

2. Indonesian Powderblue Surgeonfish Acanthurus cf leucosternoon


3. Valvet Surgeonfish Acanthurus nigricans Linnaeus, 1758

4. White-nose Surgeonfish Acanthurus japonicus Schmidt, 1931

6. Pin-striped Surgeonfish Acanthurus nubilus Fowler & Bean, 1929

7. Night Surgeonfish Acanthurus thompsoni Fowler, 1923


8. Dusky Surgeonfish Acanthurus nigrofuscus Forskall, 1775. 

9. Pacific Mimic Surgeonfish Acanthurus pyroferus Kittlitz, 1834.

10. Indian Mimic Surgeon Acanthurus tristis Tickell, 1888.

11. Ring-tail Surgeon Acanthurus auranticavus Randall, 1956

12. White-spine Surgeon Acanthurus leucocheilus Herre, 1927.

13. Dark Surgeon Acanthurus blochii Valenciennes, 1835.

14. Pencilled Surgeon Acanthurus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1835

15. Eye-spot Surgeon Acanthurus bariene Lesson 1831 

16. Horse-shoe Surgeon Acanthurus fowleri de Beaufort, 1951

17. Spot-face Surgeon Acanthurus maculiceps Ahl, 1923.

18. Pale Surgeon Acanthurus mata Cuvier, 1829.

19. Yellow-mask Surgeon Acanthurus xanthopterus Valenciennes, 1835.

20. Lieutenant Surgeon Acanthurus tennentii Gunther, 1861.

21. Eye-line Surgeon Acanthurus nigricaudus Ducker & Mohr, 1929. 

22. Orange-blotch Surgeon Acanthurus olivaceus Bloch &Schneider, 1801.

23. Lined Surgeon Acanthurus lineatus Linnaeus, 1756.

24. Convict Surgeon Acanthurus triostegus Linnaeus, 1758.

25. White-spotted Surgeon Acanthurus guttatus Forster, 1802.

26. Yellow-tip Bristle-tooth Ctenochaetus tominiensis Randall, 1955.

27. Striped Bristle-tooth Ctenochaetus striatus / Acanthurus striatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825.

28. Two-spot Bristle-tooth Ctenochaetus binotatus Randall, 1955.

29. Short-tail Bristle-tooth Ctenochaetus cyanocheilus Randal & Clements, 2001.

30. Indian Gold-ring Bristle-tooth Ctenochaetus truncatus Randall &Clements, 2001.

31. Pacific Sail-fin Surgeonfish Zebrasoma veliferum Bloch, 1795.

32. Indian Sail-fin Surgeonfish Zebrasoma desjardinii Bennett,1836.

33. Two-tone Surgeonfish Zebrasoma scopas Cuvier, 1829.